PM pledges compensation for dairy farmers to be hit by USMCA deal

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Dairy farmers in Canada "paid the price" to conclude an global trade agreement, according to Dairy Farmers of Canada.

The elimination of Canada's Class 7 pricing system will level the playing field and give USA farmers the opportunity to compete in a free and fair environment, Stapel said.

Details of the new agreement are still trickling out, and Brown said it's too early to say exactly what impact the new United States Mexico Canada Agreement (USMCA) will have overall. The program saturated the global market with subsidized skim milk powder and cut the demand from Canadian cheesemakers for ultra-filtered milk from the U.S. USMCA will include the development of new safeguards to prevent major export increases for certain dairy products.

"We're not done yet, it's not signed", he said. "They are dumping milk left, right and centre". "If you're going to market all agriculture products in the United States from Canada, they're going to have to give us equal access to their country, and to make sure that the pricing schemes that are established do not undermine our abilities to market internationally". Some will wind up in teas; some will end up in yogurt. Canada has used this provision to win most of the U.S. challenges to the export of Canadian lumber.

Wisconsin's Grassland Dairy blamed the policy for lost sales which the processor said forced it to cut milk contracts for dozens of state farmers last spring.

Mexico was the largest importers of American dairy products in 2017, importing 25 percent of total United States milk exports.

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"Prices of milk or cheese will not go down because the processors and grocers will absorb the margin", Toop said on social media soon after word of the deal was released. Supply management works in two ways.

The Canadian supply management system provides quotas for the amount of milk each dairy farmer can produce, limiting overproduction in Canada that can lead to lower prices. Robertson says Canada was adamant about keeping it because it had used the provision several times while NAFTA was still in effect.

"It removes that uncertainty that was hanging over the sector, in terms of our access to this North American market, in terms of the rules related to our integrated North American supply chain".

The American Dairy Coalition (ADC) is a farmer-led national lobbying organization of progressive, modern dairy farmers.

The deal preserved the key dispute-resolution provisions - Chapter 19 - which allow for independent panels to resolve disputes involving companies and governments, as well as Chapter 20, the government-to-government dispute-settlement mechanism. However, while the U.S. and Mexico had reached an agreement on replacing NAFTA last month, Canada was left out.

"One of the reasons they want access to Canada is so we can be a dumping ground for their surplus products", Wiens said. "Now we would have hoped that after making all those concession, we would be able to see a gain on an important issue like 'Buy American'".

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