Trump lawyer Giuliani says president probably can pardon himself

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Special Counsel Robert Mueller's probe into alleged Russia's meddling in the 2016 US presidential election has cost more than 16 million dollars during its first year, according to the latest spending tally released by the Justice Department on Thursday. But Calabresi argued that "in contrast" to Morrison, Mueller "is investigating a large number of people and has already charged defendants with many different kinds of crimes, including - as in Mr. Manafort's case - ones unrelated to any collaboration between the Trump campaign and Russian Federation".

Two of Trump's lawyers at the time, John Dowd and Jay Sekulow, authored the letter in January and delivered it by hand.

Trump's lawyers in the 20-page letter wrote that the president can fire the FBI director at any time-as acknowledged by former FBI Director James Comey, whom Trump fired-and that "No President has ever faced charges of obstruction merely for exercising his constitutional authority".

A North Korean security agent stands still as President Donald Trump, right, looks on after a meeting with Kim Yong Chol, a former North Korean military intelligence chief and one of leader Kim Jong Un's closest aides, at the White House in Washington, D.C., on Friday.

The letter did not explicitly describe the possibility of Mr Trump pardoning himself.

U.S. President Donald Trump participates in the U.S. Coast Guard Change-of-Command ceremony at U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters in Washington, U.S., June 1, 2018.

Trump's team advised Mueller that the president would not agree to an interview.

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"The courts have indicated that where a federal officer operates largely in an unsupervised fashion his or her appointment must be as a principal officer", Kmiec told us via email.

Topics of Mueller's obstruction investigation include the firings of FBI director James Comey and former national security adviser Michael Flynn, as well as Trump's reaction to Attorney General Jeff Sessions' recusal from the Russian Federation investigation. "Fortunately, we are a government of laws, not men".

Speaking to reporters last week, the president's newly appointed lawyer, Rudy Giuliani, railed against the inquiry, and pushed Mueller to make his findings public.

The memo also addresses 16 topics that, according to Dowd, Mueller's team "desired to address with the president in order to complete your investigation on the subjects of alleged collusion and obstruction of justice".

Comey's firing has reportedly been a key element of Mueller's probe into obstruction of justice, but in the letter released Saturday, Trump's lawyers argue his exchange with Holt was "misreported and mischaracterized".

Asked whether Mr Trump has the power to give himself a pardon, Mr Giuliani said: "He probably does".

A 1974 opinion from the Justice Department's Office of Legal Opinion maintains that presidents can not pardon themselves "under the fundamental rule that no one may be a judge in his own case", though that question has never been tested before the country's highest court.

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