The Senate voted 52-29 in favour of a revised bill from the House of Commons, paving the way for a fully legal cannabis market within eight to 12 weeks.
Quebec and Manitoba have already made a decision to ban home-grown weed, despite the fact that the federal bill specifies that individuals may grow up to four plants per dwelling.
Consumers of legal age (set at 19 everywhere except Quebec and Alberta, where it will be 18) will also be able to purchase legal weed online, but Canadians will face strict regulations surrounding where they can consume the drug. Canada, however, is the first G7 country to legalize recreational use out of the world's top industrialized nations, including the US, Japan, Germany, the UK, France, and Italy. Today, we change that.
The news was also greeted with enthusiasm by marijuana advocates in the U.S. Don Hartleben, who manages Dank of America, a retail cannabis store just south of the border in Blaine, Washington, said Canada's legalization was not only politically exciting, but a potential business boon for him.
The federal government has insisted that provinces allow individuals to grow up to four cannabis plants at home, and rejected an amendment that would affirm the province's right to prohibit them.
Government unveiled its marijuana legislation for the province back in May, including laws around safety, sales, and possession limits for Newfoundlanders and Labradorians.More news: Uruguay win ends Saudi Arabia, Egypt hopes at World Cup
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The new law will control the growth, distribution and sale of the drug.
Bill C-45, known as the Cannabis Act, creates an overarching national regulatory framework and enables each province to establish its own system of licensing and regulating marijuana businesses. This is monumental for Canada, which has now officially ended over 90 years of prohibition on the magical plant that does so much more than just give you warm fuzzy brain feelings.
Each province in Canada is coming up with rules for the sale of recreational pot.
Packaging will be plain, and while oils, seeds and fresh/dried marijuana will be widely available, edibles containing the drug are not expected to be sold until 2019 at the earliest.
"As a teacher, the Prime Minister should know that education doesn't happen overnight", Mr Smith said in a statement.
Now there are nine states, including Washington DC, where it is legal for adult use.