Myanmar police open fire and kill at least seven Buddhist protesters

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Though Myanmar authorities said that the campaign was aimed at rooting out Rohingya militants who attacked police posts on August 25 but the United Nations and the USA have said the violence amounts to ethnic cleansing.

Myanmar has agreed to accept 1,500 rohingya every week, adding that it aims to return all of them to Myanmar within two years.

A Myanmar agency set up to oversee repatriation said in a statement last Thursday that two temporary "repatriation and assessment camps" and one other site to accommodate returnees had been set up. "Bangladesh and Myanmar recently discussed and finalised the text (of the agreement) to facilitate the return of the Rohingyas from Bangladesh", he said.

Under the current agreement, about 156,000 Rohingya would be repatriated in two years - far short of the 650,000 who have taken refuge in Bangladesh.

Refugees arriving in Bangladesh have brought with them consistent testimony of murder, rape and arson in the violence justified by the army as a legitimate response to the militant attacks.

Around 1 million Rohingyas are now sheltering at cramped and squalid refugee camps in southeastern Bangladesh, after fleeing cycles of violence in Rakhine state across the border, including at least 655,000 who crossed into the country since the military crackdown in August.

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It's essential the return of the Rohingyas is voluntary, takes place "in safety and dignity", and allows them to return to their homes, which will require a huge investment for reconstruction because of the destruction, he said. Rohingya say security forces, backed by hardline Rakhine mobs, torched hundreds of Rohingya villages and forced them to flee.

"Myanmar has reiterated its commitment to stop outflow of Myanmar residents to Bangladesh", it said.

According to a Wednesday evening bulletin by the state broadcaster Myanmar Radio, Aye Maung had told a crowd that Myanmar's Bamar majority regarded Rakhine people as slaves and did not grant them equal rights.

"Without investigation, transparency, and accountability for crimes against the Rohingya, any discussion of repatriation is a nonstarter".

State-run media in Myanmar reported on Monday that a camp is being prepared that can accommodate about 30,000 people in 625 buildings, and that at least 100 buildings will be completed by the end of the month. This is a clear case of excessive use of force in violation of the right to life.

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