In the case of a minor who is pregnant as the result of rape or incest, the child must report the crime to a government agency or law enforcement.
The American abortion lobby vehemently opposes the mild restrictions on abortion posed by the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. President Donald Trump has promised to sign the bill if it passes; however, its prospects look grim in the Senate, which typically requires two-thirds of the Senate to advance legislation.
"We're not sure what (Senate Majority Leader) Mitch McConnell will do with it, but we're hearing he'll bring it to the floor", said NARAL spokeswoman Kaylie Hanson Long.
"And so I think that this is - it's important, and good policy, but it's also good politics", Nance added.
Despite the weight of the White House behind it, the bill is unlikely to succeed in the Senate, where leaders rarely cross party lines on platform issues like abortion.
The possibility that a fetus can experience pain from an abortion after 20 weeks should encourage support for this bill, even among those who would otherwise support abortion. "Science leaves us no room to justify their slaughter, and our founding fathers leave us no path to disregard their right to life", said Collins. That argument was echoed in a letter from the Office of Management and Budget expressing the administration's support for the bill.
"As recently as 2014, it was estimated that 430 abortion facilities in the United States were willing to perform abortions on unborn children 20 weeks and older".More news: Kate Winslet, 'Titanic' director James Cameron to reunite for 'Avatar' sequels
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When unborn children are operated on, "fetal anesthesia is routinely administered and is associated with a decrease in stress hormones compared to their level when painful stimuli are applied without such anesthesia", the bill explains.
This hasn't stopped the GOP from introducing similar legislation in the past.
The U.S. House of Representatives is set to vote on a bill today that would prohibit abortions after 20 weeks. "It drives women to unsafe back alleys and to risky self-induced abortions". "We've had these conversations, we've had these elections and we actually know where we stand".
Critics of such bills seem to ignore the scientific evidence of fetal pain that dates as far back as the 1980s, when Dr. Steven Zielinski, an internal medicine physician and one of the first to provide evidence of fetal pain, testified before Congress that fetal pain can be experienced as early as eight weeks. He said it was a start, and he hoped to improve it in future legislation. "But do they talk about changing the Second Amendment?" "They feel pain and we need to protect them". "This bill is a cruel and ruthless attempt to undermine women and attack our right to govern our bodies".
House Republicans have done this now three times in four years. Some of them are unreliably Republican on this issue, among others. Nor can we trust a Republican attorney general such as John Adams - who has called the legal basis of Roe v. Wade 'really questionable' - to fight such a ban. The Senate has no plans to consider it, and it would probably be subject to a Democratic filibuster if Republicans could manage to get a majority to vote for it, also doubtful.