An own-goal from Michael Boxall and Fedor Smolov's second-half strike sealed all three points for new coach Stanislav Cherchesov's side as the tournament hosts impressed at the Krestovsky Stadium.
The Confederations Cup precedes the World Cup by a year to guarantee that the facilities and provisions of the host country are ready.
The game itself was an open contest with plenty of chances, most of which fell to Russian Federation - clearly the better side throughout.
The fan-ID system has been successfully tested at the 2017 Confederations Cup first match, Sorokin said.
Three of the previous nine Confederations Cups have been won by the host nation and Russian Federation, playing in the tournament for the first time, impressed with victory in Saint Petersburg.
"We are slightly deflated", the Englishman said in the post-match press conference.
The tournament is traditionally used as a warm-up for the following year's World Cup and features the home nation, the winners of six continental tournaments and the reigning FIFA World Cup holders.More news: Are Celtics, 76ers in trade talks?
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KAZAN, Russia (AP) - Portugal had a first-half goal against Mexico chalked off in the Confederations Cup after the action was reviewed on video. They also out-shot New Zealand 16-6 (7-1 in shots on target).
The 20-minute ceremony involved some 1,500 participants, who displayed various scenes of traditions and culture of four cities in Russian Federation, selected to host the global football tournament this year, reported Tass news agency.
Federation Internationale de Football Association will for the first time also implement a three-step procedure that allow referees to stop matches in the event of racist or discriminatory incidents - a new measure Deputy Prime Minister Vitaly Mutko welcomed as the "absolute right decision".
A goal in each half ensured Russian Federation won the opening game of the Confederations Cup against New Zealand in St Petersburg.
Russia's win eases the pressure on its second game, against Cristiano Ronaldo's Portugal in Moscow on Wednesday.
"I don't know how it was to play on, but judging by the game it seemed the quality (of the pitch) was rather good".
The Portuguese sports daily A Bola published a front-page story Friday saying that Ronaldo was upset with the accusations made against him and that his decision to leave Madrid was "irreversible".