The tax increase affects income tax rates and exemptions for some farmers and business owners.
The Senate's vote to override 27-13, exactly the two-thirds majority required.
Businesses will be required to pay more in taxes, but families would be able to claim a tax credit for child care, a provision eliminated under Brownback's 2012 tax cut plan.
In 2016, voters kicked out a handful of anti-tax Republicans, in favor of challengers who backed higher taxes, despite Brownback's opposition.
"I don't know anybody in the country that has that kind of privilege that I have of being able to do that", he said.
"Senate Bill 30 is a $1.2 billion tax hike, making it the largest in state history." the governor. David Haley, D-4th Dist., and Pat Pettey, D-6th Dist., voted to override the veto. He had not voted for the tax plan when it passed the House Monday night.
Immediately after the House adjourned Ryckman rushed to his office and didn't answer a question from a reporter about his vote. Legislators expected to attempt an override, with the Senate voting first, possibly as early as Tuesday night.
"It's a huge vote", said Rep. Steven Johnson, an Assaria Republican and chairman of the House tax panel, adding that legislative leadership had explored many routes to find a tax solution that would gain sufficient support in both chambers.
Some Republicans may have seen the tax increases coming, but they refused to let them easily pass into law.
"Too much, too fast", Dove said of the increase.More news: Malaysia Airlines grounded as passenger seeks to enter cockpit
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A handful of other conservative Republicans in the statehouse continued to decry the new spending being pushed by lawmakers and said the House and Senate are doing the opposite of what the people of Kansas want them to do.
Sen. Tom Holland, a Baldwin City Democrat, said Kansas had been riding "the insane train" and was long overdue for a solution. Ty Masterson, a Wichita-area conservative Republican. Caryn Tyson, a Parker Republican.
The tax plan sets three income tax tiers: 3.1 percent, 5.25 percent and 5.7 percent.
Lawmakers' decision to force the tax increases into law this week essentially ends Brownback's signature economic policy.
The tax bill also extends the sales tax revenue bond program, known as STAR bonds, by moving the sunset date to July 2020. He says while the bill isn't flawless, it is a structurally sound piece of legislation.
"The Legislature has the power to override the veto". Brownback had called on the economist Arthur Laffer - famous for theorizing that tax revenue can increase if tax cuts promote enough growth - as an advisor for the plan. Among other measures, it allows insurance policies for state employees to cover abortions only in cases where the life of the mother is endangered; requires parental consent for minors seeking abortions; requires women to undergo ultrasounds and be given the option of viewing the image before obtaining an abortion; and bars abortions after 20 weeks unless the life of the mother is endangered or her health severely compromised.
TOM HOLLAND: Where's the common sense?
Sen. Tom Holland, D-Baldwin City, disputed the idea that the override was the result of lawmakers being exhausted and frustrated near the end of a long session.