Russian President Vladimir Putin visits an exhibition about Russian emperor Peter the Great at the Grand Trianon after a working meeting with French President Emmanuel Macron at the Versailles Palace near Paris, France, Monday, May 29, 2017.
Macron had invited the Russian leader to France to reset a relationship that has turned increasingly sour. It was not immediately clear what that would entail.
"I will never give in to that", Macron said.
United Nations special envoy Staffan de Mistura will hold talks in Paris with France's foreign minister Jean-Yves Le Drian later on Tuesday.
'We spoke about the cases of LGBT people in Chechnya...
During Macron's election campaign, RT and Sputnik were denied access to his campaign headquarters.
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As the pair emerged from a three-hour talk to speak to reporters, Macron launched into a remarkably frank discussion of two Russian state news outlets - Sputnik and Russia Today - that he accused of behaving as "organs of influence, of propaganda, of lying propaganda".
The presidents' meeting at the 17th-century Palace of Versailles, one of Europe's most opulent royal palaces, came at a time when relations between Paris and Moscow have reached one of their lowest points in decades, largely because of the war in Syria.
During the press conference after their meeting, Macron was clear that he was not willing to waver on any of his campaign promises about holding Russian Federation to account.
"The use of chemical weapons by anyone will be the object of reprisals and immediate retaliation on the part of France", Macron said.
Russian Federation protested that the USA retaliation violated worldwide law and said it would ruin bilateral relations.
"We need to conduct a specific dialogue, . we need to engage in practical work", Putin said.
As Putin stood right next to him, Macron called out Russian propaganda, election meddling, LGBTQ repression and the use of chemical weapons in Syria.
France has also taken a tough line on European Union sanctions on Russian Federation, first imposed when it annexed Crimea from Ukraine in 2014, and cancelled a $1.3 billion warship supply contract in 2015.
He confirmed that Mr Putin had agreed to a "very regular monitoring" of the curtailing of gay rights in Chechnya, where hundreds of gay men were rounded up, sent to prison and tortured.