These are risky and expensive elective surgeries done to help women born without a uterus or with irreversible uterine damage to have their own child using in-vitro fertilisation (IVF). For uterus transplantation, the uterus can be taken from a blood relative of the woman who is undergoing transplantation.
In uterine transplants, doctors "harvest" the uterus from the donor and transplant it into the body of the patient.
The hospital has been granted a licence by the state's Directorate of Health Services to carry out the uterus transplant, as per a TOI report. Medical literature shows many implanted wombs - four womb transplantations failed in the USA before their first success - were rejected and less than a third of the recipients have delivered a baby.
Mumbai: A team of doctors at Pune's Galaxy Care Laparoscopic Institute (GCLI) conducted India's first womb transplant on a 21-year-old woman from Solapur on Thursday.More news: Government seeks answers on cyber-attack
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Still in its nascent, experimental stage, only a handful of these operations have met with success in other countries, primarily in Sweden. The transplant is a significant step towards helping women who can not conceive due to various medical reasons, become mothers.
Some experts have expressed concern about the operations, terming them an invasive surgical procedure fraught with risks manifested in adverse side effects of the anti-rejection drugs, including cancer and increased risk of opportunistic infection.
According to Dr Puntambekar, his team had travelled to Sweden to learn the transplant procedure and practised on human cadavers in Germany and the US. "Since they knew about the uterus transplant, they approached us and accepted the surgery option", he said.Fortunately, her mother was found to be a medicallysuitable uterus donor for her. Critics from the medical fraternity and the media speculated that Ram won't survive for more than three months.Ram lived for 15 more years.He eventually succumbed to brain tumour.Kidney:The first successful live kidney transplant of the world between two patients was performed by Dr Joseph Murray on December 23, 1954, at Brigham Hospital in Boston, for which he received a Nobel Prize.
It remains to be seen whether India's first transplant will result in childbirth.